ChatGPT Defeats the Chinese Chatbot Ernie in All AI Benchmarks
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The degree to which China is lagging behind the United States in AI has become clear.
Experts are convinced that Ernie lost in all 6 benchmarks: Semantic understanding, Opportunities for continuous dialogue, Logic possibilities, Coding capabilities, Personality modelling, and Mathematical ability.
Finally, it is now clear exactly how badly China lags behind the United States in AI. At the same time, it has also become apparent that the Turing test for modern language models is just kindergarten. Such advanced models should be judged by the depth and accuracy of their justifications.
The results of comparing the intellectual power of ChatGPT with its main Chinese competitor Ernie Bot are shrouded in fog. On the one hand, experts are convinced that Ernie lost in all six benchmarks:
- Semantic understanding;
- Opportunities for continuous dialogue;
- Logic possibilities;
- Coding capabilities;
- Personality modeling;
- Mathematical ability.
On the other hand, experts do not provide details, and it is not easy to check it yourself because the testing was in Chinese, access to Ernie is limited, and the Baidu API requires a Chinese phone number.
But now, thanks to Jeffrey Ding, you can read the details of the comparison of ChatGPT with Ernie Bot, not in clumsy machine translation with errors in important details, but in good and accurate English translated by a specialist.
Let’s start with a clarification: Models should be judged, like CIA analysts, by the depth and accuracy of their justifications. Comparative testing of bots has shown that semantic understanding becomes a key factor in testing the cognitive abilities of the model. And since the question “What is understanding?” is delicate and ambiguous, it is hard to check the degree of understanding of semantics (and even more so for a non-human intellect, in which all cognitive processes are arranged very non-humanly). That’s why what is checked is the depth and accuracy of the justifications given by bots.
Here is a real example. Question: “Dad and mom are getting married; is this considered inbreeding or a mixed marriage?”
- Ernie Bot’s answer: China’s law stipulates that direct blood relatives and blood relatives within three generations are prohibited from marrying. In other words, marriages between close relatives, such as cousins, uncles, etc., are prohibited. And from a genetic point of view, mixed marriages increase the risk of some common genetic diseases, such as congenital dementia, albinism, heart disease, etc. Therefore, for the health of future generations, people are advised to avoid intermarriage.
- ChatGPT answer: Dad and mom are biological parents. They are not related by blood, so their union is not consanguineous. Inbreeding is the marriage of people who are closely related by blood.
The result of evaluating the answers is obvious: ChatGPT won in terms of accuracy of justification while avoiding the depth of digging into Chinese legislation that is not needed here.
Despite the fact that Ernie Bot lost in all categories, not showing himself in the best way, even in personality simulation, in general, he did a good job, even pretending to be not only a person but also a kitten.
However, his understanding is not its strong suit. And this means that China lags behind the US in AI in a small but crucial issue. And that sets China back from the US in the race to AGI by a full lap.
- Baidu is developing an AI chatbot service called Ernie Bot, which will eventually be integrated into its search engine. This will allow Baidu’s search engine to generate human-like responses to user queries, similar to Google’s Bard and Microsoft’s Bing.
- Secoo Group, a luxury e-commerce platform in China, is planning to use AI-generated content and ChatGPT technologies to boost its intelligent marketing. The platform has submitted an application for access to OpenAI’s GPT-4 API and is one of the first ecological partners of Baidu’s ERNIE Bot.
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