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July 10, 2023

ChatGPT’s Creative Ability is on Par with Humans, the University of Montana’s Study Says

In Brief

Researchers at the University of Montana used the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking to assess neural networks’ creativity.

They compared the results of a mass test of 2700 students in 2016 with ChatGPT, which scored either in the top 1% for abundance of ideas or 3% for diversity of ideas.

The researchers warned that ChatGPT may not fully understand human creativity and suggested the need for more sophisticated assessment tools to differentiate between human and AI-generated ideas.

AI is showing promising signs of developing creative abilities comparable to, and in some aspects exceeding, those of humans, according to a study conducted by researchers at the University of Montana.

ChatGPT's Creative Ability is on Par with Humans, the University of Montana's Study Says
Credit: Metaverse Post (mpost.io)
Related: 9 Best ChatGPT Lifehacks to Improve Your Daily Activities

Led by Dr. Erik Guzik, an assistant clinical professor in the College of Business, the study utilized the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT) to evaluate creativity. The results revealed that ChatGPT, powered by the GPT-4 AI engine, demonstrated creative potential, scoring in the top percentiles for fluency and originality. However, the AI exhibited slightly lower flexibility in generating a diverse range of ideas.

The researchers combined the results produced by GPT-4 with the responses of 24 students. These mixed outcomes were then submitted to the Scholastic Testing Service without disclosing the AI’s involvement. The scores obtained were subsequently compared with the results of a comprehensive test conducted in 2016, which involved 2,700 students.

The research involved submitting 8 responses generated by ChatGPT and comparing them with a control group of 24 University of Montana students enrolled in Guzik’s entrepreneurship and personal finance classes. The AI’s performance on the TTCT prompts indicated that it excelled in providing numerous relevant, valuable, and innovative ideas. While it demonstrated a high degree of creativity, ChatGPT prompted a thought-provoking insight by suggesting the need for more sophisticated assessment tools capable of differentiating between human and AI-generated ideas.

The anticipated outcomes yielded intriguing findings. Based on various criteria, ChatGPT, powered by the GPT-4 model, achieved exceptional results, ranking in either the top 1% for abundance of ideas and originality, or the top 3% for diversity of ideas.

The findings were presented at the Southern Oregon University Creativity Conference, where the research team shared compelling evidence of AI’s potential to develop creative abilities on par with, and in some instances surpassing, human capabilities. The implications of this research are significant, as AI’s emergence as a tool for business and innovation holds tremendous promise. As AI technology continues to advance, it is anticipated to play a pivotal role in driving regional and national innovation. The University of Montana’s College of Business recognizes the importance of incorporating AI into coursework and is open to teaching about AI and its applications.

Dr. Guzik believes that AI’s potential in fostering creativity can greatly impact the business world by offering novel perspectives and approaches. Creativity is about embracing new methods and ideas, and AI has the potential to revolutionize how creative thinking is applied to business and the innovation process. The study serves as a compelling example of AI’s ability to contribute to various industries and underscores the importance of continued research and exploration in this field.

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About The Author

Damir is the team leader, product manager, and editor at Metaverse Post, covering topics such as AI/ML, AGI, LLMs, Metaverse, and Web3-related fields. His articles attract a massive audience of over a million users every month. He appears to be an expert with 10 years of experience in SEO and digital marketing. Damir has been mentioned in Mashable, Wired, Cointelegraph, The New Yorker, Inside.com, Entrepreneur, BeInCrypto, and other publications. He travels between the UAE, Turkey, Russia, and the CIS as a digital nomad. Damir earned a bachelor's degree in physics, which he believes has given him the critical thinking skills needed to be successful in the ever-changing landscape of the internet. 

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Damir Yalalov
Damir Yalalov

Damir is the team leader, product manager, and editor at Metaverse Post, covering topics such as AI/ML, AGI, LLMs, Metaverse, and Web3-related fields. His articles attract a massive audience of over a million users every month. He appears to be an expert with 10 years of experience in SEO and digital marketing. Damir has been mentioned in Mashable, Wired, Cointelegraph, The New Yorker, Inside.com, Entrepreneur, BeInCrypto, and other publications. He travels between the UAE, Turkey, Russia, and the CIS as a digital nomad. Damir earned a bachelor's degree in physics, which he believes has given him the critical thinking skills needed to be successful in the ever-changing landscape of the internet. 

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